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2019吉林高考英语試題及答案解析(word精校版)

2019-06-09 16:09:21文/董玉瑩

 

絕密★啓用前

2019年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試(全國卷II)

英 语

注意事項:

1.答卷前,考生務必將自己的姓名、准考證號填寫在答題卡上。

2.回答選擇題時,選出每小題答案後,用鉛筆把答題卡上對應題目的答案標號塗黑。如需改動,用橡皮擦幹淨後,再選塗其他答案標號。回答非選擇題時,將答案寫在答題卡上,寫在本試卷上無效。

3.考試結束後,將本試卷和答題卡一並交回。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

做題時,先將答案標在試卷上。錄音內容結束後,你將有兩分鍾的時間將試卷上的答案轉塗到答題卡上。

第一節 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

聽下面5段對話。每段對話後有一個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽完每段對話後,你都有10秒鍾的時間來回答有關小題和閱讀下一小題。每段對話僅讀一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A. ?19.15. B. ?9.18. C. ?9.15.

答案是C。

1. Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In a library. B. In a bookstore. C. In a classroom.

2. How does the woman feel now?

A. Relaxed. B. Excited. C. Tired.

3. How much will the man pay?

A. $520. B. $80. C. $100.

4. What does the man tell Jane to do?

A. Postpone his appointment. B. Meet Mr. Douglas. C. Return at 3 o’clock.

5. Why would David quit his job?

A. To go back to school. B. To start his own firm. C. To work for his friend.

第二節(共15小題;每小題1.5分,滿分22.5分)

聽下面5段對話或獨白。每段對話或獨白後有幾個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽每段對話或獨白前,你將有時間閱讀各個小題,每小題5秒鍾;聽完後,各小題將給出5秒鍾的作答時間。每段對話或獨白讀兩遍。

聽第6段材料,回答第6、7題。

6. What does the man want the woman to do?

A. Check the cupboard.

B. Clean the balcony.

C. Buy an umbrella.

7. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Husband and wife.

B. Employer and employee.

C. Shop assistant and customer.

聽第7段材料,回答第8至10題。

8. Where did the woman go at the weekend?

A. The city centre.

B. The forest park.

C. The man’s home.

9. How did the man spend his weekend?

A. Packing for a move.

B. Going out with Jenny.

C. Looking for a new house.

10. What will the woman do for the man?

A. Take Henry to hospital. B. Stay with his kid. C. Look after his pet.

聽第8段材料,回答第11至13題。

11. What is Mr. Stone doing now?

A. Eating lunch. B. Having a meeting. C. Writing a diary.

12. Why does the man want to see Mr. Stone?

A. To discuss a program. B. To make a travel plan. C. To ask for sick leave.

13. When will the man meet Mr. Stone this afternoon?

A. At 3:00. B. At 3:30. C. At 3:45.

聽第9段材料,回答第14至16題。

14. What are the speakers talking about?

A. A company. B. An interview. C. A job offer.

15. Who is Monica Stansfield?

A. A junior specialist. B. A department manager. C. A sales assistant.

16. When will the man hear from the woman?

A. On Tuesday. B. On Wednesday. C. On Thursday.

聽第10段材料,回答第17至20題。

17. What did John enjoy doing in his childhood?

A. Touring France. B. Playing outdoors. C. Painting pictures.

18. What did John do after he moved to the US?

A. He did business. B. He studied biology. C. He worked on a farm.

19. Why did John go hunting?

A. For food. B. For pleasure. C. For money.

20. What is the subject of John’s works?

A. American birds. B. Natural scenery. C. Family life.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一節 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

閱讀下列短文,從每題所給的A、B、C和D四個選項中,選出最佳選項。

A

My Favourite Books

Jo Usmar is a writer for Cosmopolitan and co-author of the This Book Will series(系列)of lifestyle books. Here she picks her top reads.

Matilda

Roald Dahl

I once wrote a paper on the influence of fairy tales on Roald Dahl's writing and it gave me a new appreciation for his strange and delightful words. Matilda's battles with her cruel me parents and the bossy headmisres,Miss Trunchbull,are equally fumy and frightening,but they're also aspirational.

After Dark

Haruki Murakami

It’s about two sisters-Eri,a model who either won’t or can’t stop sleeping,and Mari, a young student . In trying to connect to her sister. Mari starts changing her life and discovers a world of diverse ”night people” who are hiding secrets.

Gone Girl

Gillian Fynn

There was a bit of me that didn't want to love this when everyone else on the planet did but the horror story is brilliant. There's tension and anxiety from the beginning as Nick and Amy battle for your trust. It's a real whodunit and the frustration when you realise what's going on is horribly enjoyable

The Stand

Stephen King

This is an excellent fantasy novel from one of the best storytellers around. After a serious flu outbreak wipes out 99.4% of the world's population, a battle unfolds between good and evil among those let. Randall Flagg is one of the scariest characters ever.

21. Who does "I" refer to in the text?

A. Stephen King. B. Gillian Flynn.

C. Jo Usmar. D. Roald Dahl

22. Which of the following tells about Mari and Eri?

A. Cosmopolitan. B. Matilda.

C. After Dark. D. The Stand.

23. What kind of book is Gone Girl?)

A.A folk tale. B.A biography.

C.A love story. D.A horror story.

B

“You can use me as a last resort(选择), and if nobody else volunteers,then I will do it.” This was an actual reply from a parent after I put out a request for volunteers for my kids lacrosse(长曲棍球)club.

I guess that there's probably some demanding work schedule, or social anxiety around stepping up to help for an unknown sport. She may just need a little persuading. So I try again and tug at the heartstrings. I mention the single parent with four kids running the show and I talk about the dad coaching a team that his kids aren’t even on … At this point the unwilling parent speaks up,“Alright. Yes, I’ll do it.”

I’m secretly relieved because I know there’s real power in sharing volunteer responsibilities among many. The unwilling parent organizes the meal schedule, sends out emails, and collects money for end-of-season gifts. Somewhere along the way, the same parent ends up becoming an invaluable member of the team. The coach is able to focus on the kids while the other parents are relieved to be off the hook for another season. Handing out sliced oranges to bloodthirsty kids can be as exciting as watching your own kid score a goal.

Still, most of us volunteers breathe a sigh of relief when the season comes to a close. That relief is coupled with a deep understanding of why the same people keep coming back for more: Connecting to the community(社区)as you freely give your time, money, skills, or services provides a real joy. Volunteering just feels so good.

In that sense, I’m pretty sure volunteering is more of a selfish act than I’d freely like to admit. However, if others benefit in the process, and I get some reward too, does it really matter where my motivation lies?

24.What can we infer about the parent from her reply in paragraph l?

A. She knows little about the club.

B. She isn't good at sports.

C. She just doesn't want to volunteer.

D. She's unable to meet her schedule.

25.What does the underlined phrase“tug at the heartstrings”in paragraph 2 mean ?

A. Encourage team work .

B. Appeal to feeling.

C. Promote good deeds.

D. Provide advice.

26. What can we learn about the parent from paragraph 3 ?

A. She gets interested in lacrosse.

B. She is proud of her kids.

C. She’ll work for another season.

D. She becomes a good helper.

27. Why does the author like doing volunteer work?

A. It gives her a sense of duty.

B. It makes her very happy.

C. It enables her to work hard.

D. It brings her material rewards.

C

Marian Bechtel sits at West Palm Beach’s Bar Louie counter by herself, quietly reading her e-book as she waits for her salad. What is she reading? None of your business! Lunch is Bechtel’s “me” time. And like more Americans, she’s not alone.

A new report found 46 percent of meals are eaten alone in America. More than half(53 percent)have breakfast alone and nearly half(46 percent)have lunch by themselves. Only at dinnertime are we eating together anymore,74 percent,according to statistics from the report.

“I prefer to go out and be out. Alone,but together,you know?”Bechtel said,looking up from her book. Bechtel,who works in downtown West Palm Beach,has lunch with coworkers sometimes,but like many of us,too often works through lunch at her desk. A lunchtime escape allows her to keep a boss from tapping her on the shoulder. She returns to work feeling energized. “Today,I just wanted some time to myself,”she said.

just two seats over,Andrew Mazoleny,a local videographer,is finishing his lunch at the bar. He likes that he can sit and check his phone in peace or chat up the barkeeper with whom he's on a first-name basis if he wants to have a little interaction(交流). “I reflect on how my day's gone and think about the rest of the week,” he said. “It's a chance for self-reflection, You return to work recharged and with a plan.”

That freedom to choose is one reason more people like to eat alone. There was a time when people may have felt awkward about asking for a table for one,but those days are over. Now,we have our smartphones to keep us company at the table. “It doesn't feel as alone as it may have before al the advances in technology,” said Laurie Demerit, whose company provided the statistics for the report.

28. What are the statistics in paragraph 2 about?

A. Food variety.

B. Eating habits.

C. Table manners.

D. Restaurant service.

29. Why does Bechtel prefer to go out for lunch?

A. To meet with her coworkers.

B. To catch up with her work.

C. To have some time on her own.

D. To collect data for her report.

30. What do we know about Mazoleny?

A. He makes videos for the bar.

B. He’s fond of the food at the bar.

C. He interviews customers at the bar.

D. He’s familiar with the barkeeper.

31. What is the text mainly about?

A. The trend of having meals alone.

B. The importance of self-reflection.

C. The stress from working overtime.

D. The advantage of wireless technology.

D

Bacteria are an annoying problem for astronauts. The microorganisms(微生物) from our bodies grow uncontrollably on surfaces of the International Space Station, so astronauts spend hours cleaning them up each week. How is NASA overcoming this very tiny big problem? It’s turning to a bunch of high school kids. But not just any kids. It depending on NASA HUNCH high school class, like the one science teachers Gene Gordon and Donna Himmelberg lead at Fairport High School in Fairport, New York.

HUNCH is designed to connect high school classrooms with NASA engineers. For the past two years, Gordon’s students have been studying ways to kill bacteria in zero gravity, and they think they’re close to a solution(解决方案). “We don’t give the students any breaks. They have to do it just like NASA engineers,” says Florence Gold, a project manager.

“There are no tests,” Gordon says. “There is no graded homework. There almost are no grades, other than‘Are you working towards your goal?’ Basically, it’s ‘I’ve got to produce this product and then, at the end of year, present it to NASA.’ Engineers come and really do an in-person review, and…it’s not a very nice thing at time. It’s a hard business review of your product.”

Gordon says the HUNCH program has an impact(影响) on college admissions and practical life skills. “These kids are so absorbed in their studies that I just sit back. I don’t teach.” And that annoying bacteria? Gordon says his students are emailing daily with NASA engineers about the problem, readying a workable solution to test in space.

32.What do we know about the bacteria in the International Space Station?

A. They are hard to get rid of. B. They lead to air pollution.

C. They appear different forms. D. They damage the instruments.

33. What is the purpose of the HUNCH program?

A. To strengthen teacher-student relationships. B. To sharpen students’ communication skills.

C. To allow students to experience zero gravity. D. To link space technology with school education

34. What do the NASA engineers do for the students in the program?

A. Check their product. B. Guide project designs

C. Adjust work schedules. D. Grade their homework.

35. What is the best title for the text?

A. NASA: The Home of Astronauts.

B. Space: The Final Homework Frontier.

C. Nature: An Outdoor Classroom.

D. HUNCH:A College Admission Reform.

第二節 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根據短文內容,從短文後的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。選項中有兩項爲多余選項。

Imagine a child standing on a diving board four feet high and asking himself the question:“Should I jump? This is what motivation or the lack of it can do. Motivation and goal setting are the two sides of same coin. 36 Like the child on the diving board, you will stay undecided.

37 More than that, how should you stay motivated to achieve the goal? First, you need to evaluate yourself , your values your strengths, your weaknesses, your achievements, your desires ,etc. Only then should your you’re your goals

You also need to judge the quality and depth of your motivation. This is quite important, because it is directly related to your commitment. There are times when your heart is not in your work. 38 So, slow down and think what you really want to do at that moment. Clarity(清晰)of thoughts can help you move forward.

Another way of setting realistic goals is to analyze your short and long term objectives, keeping in mind your beliefs, values and strengths. Remember that goals are flexible. 39 They also need to be measurable. You must keep these points in mind while setting your goals.

Your personal circumstances are equally important. For example, you may want to be a Pilot but can’t become one because your eyesight is not good enough. 40 You should reassess your goals, and motivate yourself to set a fresh goal.

You will surely need to overcome some difficulties, some planned, but most unplanned. You cannot overcome them without ample motivation. Make sure that you plan for these difficulties at the time of setting your goals.

A. This can affect your work.

B. So how should you motivate yourself?

C. However, this should not discourage you.

D. So why should we try to set specific goals?

E. They can change according to circumstances.

F. Motivation is what you need most to do a good job.

G. Without motivation you can neither set a goal nor reach it

第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一節 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

閱讀下面短文,從短文後各題所給的A、B、C和D四個選項中,選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項。

It’s about 250 miles from the hills of west-central lowa to Ehlers’ home in Minnesota. During the long trip home, following a weekend of hunting. Ehlers 41 about the small dog he had seen 42 alongside the road. He had 43 to coax(哄)the dog to him but, frightened, it had 44 .

Back home, Ehlers was troubled by that 45 dog. So, four days later, he called his friend Greg, and the two drove 46 . After a long and careful 47 . Greg saw, across a field, the dog moving 48 away. Ehlers eventually succeeded in coaxing the animal to him. Nervousness and fear were replaced with 49 . It just started licking(舔)Ehlers’ face.

A local farmer told them the dog sounded like one 50 as lost in the local paper. The ad had a 51 number for a town in southern Michigan. Ehlers 52 the number of Jeff and Lisa to tell them he had 53 their dog.

Jeff had 54 in lowa before Thanksgiving with his dog, Rosie, but the gun shots had scared the dog off. Jeff searched 55 for Rosie in the next four days.

Ehlers returned to Minnesotan, and then drove 100 miles to Minneapolis to put Rosie on a flight to Michigan. “It’s good to know there’s still someone out there who 56 enough to go to that kind of 57 ,”says Lisa of Ehlers’ rescue 58 .

I figured whoever lost the dog was probably just as 59 to it as I am to my dogs,” says Ehlers. “If it had been my dog, I’d hope that somebody would be 60 to go that extra mile.”

41. A. read B. forgot C. thought D. heard

42. A. read B. trembling C. eating D. sleeping

43. A. tried B. agreed C. promised D. regretted

44. A. calmed down B. stood up C. rolled over D. run off

45. A. injured B. stolen C. lost D. rescued

46. A. home B. past C. back D. on

47. A. preparation B. explanation C. test D. search

48. A. cautiously B. casually C. skillfully D. angrily

49. A. surprise B. joy C. hesitation D. anxiety

50. A. predicted B. advertised C. believed D. recorded

51. A. house B. phone C. street D. car

52. A. called B. copied C. counted D. remembered

53. A. fed B. adopted C. found D. cured

54. A. hunted B. skied C. lived D. worked

55. A. on purpose B. on time C. in turn D. in vain

56. A. cares B. sees C. suffers D. learns

57. A. place B. trouble C. waste D. extreme

58. A. service B. plan C. effort D. team

59. A. equal B. allergic C. grateful D. close

60. A. suitable B. proud C. wise D. wiling

第二節 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入1個適當的單詞或括號內單詞的正確形式。

A 90-year-old has been awarded“Woman Of The Year”for 61 (be)Britain's oldest full-time employee-still working 40 hours a week. Now Irene Astbury works from 9am to 5pm daily at the pet shop in Macclesfield, 62 she opened with her late husband Les. Her years of hard work have 63 (final)been acknowledged after a customer nominated(提名)her to be Cheshire's Woman Of The Year.

Picking up her“Lifetime Achievement”award,proud Irene 64 (declare) she had no plans 65 (retire) from her 36-year-old business. Irene said,“I don't see any reason to give up work. I love coming here and seeing my family and all the friends I 66 (make) over the years. I work not because I have to, 67 because I want to.”

Granddaughter Gayle Parks,31-who works alongside her in the family business-said it remained unknown as to who nominated Irene for the award. She said,“We don't have any idea who put grandma forward. When we got a call 68 (say)she was short-listed,we thought it was 69 joke. But then we got an official letter and we were blown away. We are so proud of her. It's 70 (wonder).”

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一節 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英語課上老師要求同桌之間交換修改作文,請你修改你同桌寫的以下作文。文中共有10處語言錯誤,每句中最多有兩處。每處錯誤僅涉及一個單詞的增加、刪除或修改。

增加:在缺詞處加一個漏字符號(∧),並在其下面寫出該加的詞。

刪除:把多余的詞用斜線(\)劃掉。

修改:在錯的詞下劃一橫線,並在該詞下面寫出修改後的詞。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Since I was a kid, I`ve considered different job I would like to do. First, I wanted to be a fireman, whose uniform looked so coolly. Then, when I was in the five grade, I wanted to be a teacher because I liked my English teacher too much. When I studied chemistry high school, I reconsidered mg goal or decided to be a doctor. They were two reasons for the decision. One was that I was amazing at the fact that a sick person could feel much more better after seeing a doctor. And the other is that I wanted to help people in need.

第二節 书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是校排球隊隊長李華。請寫封郵件告知你的隊友Chris球隊近期將參加比賽,內容包括:

1.比賽信息;

2.賽前准備;

3.表達期待。

注意:

1.詞數100左右;

2.可以適當增加細節,以使行文連貫。

2019年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試(全國卷II)

第一部分 听力 略

 

第二部分 阅读理解

第一節

閱讀理解A

【文章大意】本文主要描述四本書的作者以及各書的大致內容。

21.C 【解析】由文章开头第一句“Jo Usmar is a writer for Cosmopolitan and co-author of the This Book Will series of life style books”, 可知文章中的“I”指的是“Jo Usmar”,故选C。

 

22.C【解析】根据文章第三段“It’s about two sisters-Eri,a model who either won’t or can’t stop sleeping,and Mari, a young student ”以及该段小标题“After Dark”可知正确答案,故选C。

 

23.D【解析】根据文章第四段第一句中后半句“but the horror story is brilliant”可以得知,该书为恐怖故事,故选D。

 

閱讀理解B

【文章大意】本文主要從作者角度出發,從一位家長志願去服務大家,引申出作者對志願的理解以及看法。

24.C【解析】文章第一段第一句翻譯爲“如果沒有人自願參加的話,你可以把我當做最終的選擇,我會去”,可以推斷出她並非自願,故選C。

 

25.B【解析】文章第二段中“tug at the heartstrings”意为“触动心弦”而A选项意为“鼓励团队合作”,B为“带动情绪”,C为“提倡好的行为”,D为“提供建议”,从各个选项的大意看来,本题正确选项应为B。

 

26.D【解析】从文章第三段第三句“the same parent ends up becoming an invaluable member of the team”句意可知,家长最终会成为这个团队中的非常重要的一员,也就是这个团队非常好的帮手,而A、B、C选项均与题意不符,故选D。

 

27.B【解析】根據文章第四段最後兩句可得知,作者認爲志願者的工作可以讓她得到快樂,並且志願去幫助他人會讓她感到很棒,故選B。

 

閱讀理解C

【文章大意】本文主要講述人們現在更習慣于獨自用餐,享受一個人的自由時光已經成爲一種趨勢。

28.B【解析】文章第二段大意主要是一篇關于各種飲食習慣的比例分析報告,而選項A爲“食物種類”,選項B爲“飲食習慣”,選項C爲“餐桌禮儀”,選項D爲“飯店服務”,選項ACD均與段落大意不符,故選B。

 

29.C【解析】根據文章第三段大意可知,貝克特爾有時會和同事們一起吃飯,但大多數時候都是在辦公桌上解決了午餐,外出吃午餐可以讓她不被老板打擾並且安靜地享受一個人獨處的時光,本題ABD選項均與文意不符,故選C.

 

30.D【解析】根据文章第四段第二句“He likes that he can sit and check his phone in peace or chat up the barkeeper”可以得知,他与酒吧老板相熟,其它选项文中并未提及,故选D。

 

31.A【解析】本文主要內容是關于現在越來越多的人們更習慣于獨自用餐,形成一種趨勢,而BCD選項均與文章內容無關,故選A。

 

閱讀理解D

【文章大意】本文從宇宙空間站中無法控制細菌肆意生長這一問題的提出,延伸到學校與美國國家航空和宇宙航行局建立聯系,共同促進共同進步解決問題。

32.A【解析】根据文章第一段第二句“The microorganisms(微生物) from our bodies grow uncontrollably on surfaces of the International Space Station, so astronauts spend hours cleaning them up each week”大意为“在宇宙空间站,我们身上的微生物会肆意生长,所以宇航员每周都要花几个小时的时间去进行清理”,由此可知在宇宙空间站,细菌很难被摆脱掉。故选A。

 

33.D【解析】根据文章第二段“HUNCH is designed to connect high school classrooms with NASA engineers.”可知该项目旨在促进空间技术和学校教育之间的联系,故选D。

 

34.A【解析】根據文章第三段倒數第二句可知,美國國家航空和宇宙航行局(NASA)的工程師會對學生們的産品親自進行評估,故選A。

 

35.B【解析】ACD答案均與本文內容不符,故選B。

 

第二節

【文章大意】本文主要講述積極性與設定目標對于每個人的重要性。

36.G【解析】根據空白處上一句句意,“積極性和設定目標就像是一枚硬幣的兩面”可選出“沒有積極性,你就無法設定目標並且實現目標”符合語境,故選G。

 

37.B【解析】根据空白处下一句句意“不仅如此,你怎样才能保持动力去实现目标呢?”以及句式“how should…”可推出答案,故选B。

 

38.A【解析】根據空白處上一句句意“有的時候你的心不在工作上”可推出A“這會影響你的工作”,故選A。

 

39.E【解析】根據空白處上下文可知“記住,目標是靈活的,是可以根據情況改變的”,句意可承接上下文,使文章連貫,故選E。

 

40.C【解析】根據空白處上下文可知“當目標因現實情況而需要重新考慮,重新設定時,也不要氣餒”,故選C。

 

第三部分 语言知识运用

第一節

【文章大意】本文講述埃萊爾在遇到一只流浪狗後發生的一系列的事情。

41.C【解析】本题考查短语“think about”的运用,此处意为“想起”,故选C。

 

42.B【解析】根據後文“frightened,恐懼的,害怕的”可推測,狗應當是“瑟瑟發抖的”故選B。

 

43.A【解析】本题考查短语“try to do sth,试图做某事”且该句式符合句意,故选A。

 

44.D【解析】本题主要是对短语含义的考查,A选项“calm down,冷静下来”;B选项“stand up,站起来”;C选项“roll over,翻滚”;D选项“run off,逃跑”,根据句意以及对短语的含义分析,故选D。

 

45.C【解析】本題考查的是詞義辨析,A選項“injured,受傷的”;B選項“stolen,偷走的”;C選項“lost,丟失的”;D選項“rescued,救援”根據文章可知埃萊爾因爲那只跑丟的狗而不安,故選C。

 

46.C【解析】根據文章前後內容可知,埃萊爾和格雷格一起開車返回原路去找狗,此處只有“back”符合文意,故選C。

 

47.D【解析】根據句意,“在經過長時間以及仔細的尋找之後”,以及各選項含義,A爲“准備”;B爲“解釋”;C爲“試驗”;D爲“搜尋”等可知“search”爲符合題意的選項,故選D。

 

48.A【解析】根據句意可知“狗向遠處移動”,A選項“小心地”;B選項“隨意地”;C選項“巧妙地”;D選項“憤怒地”,根據前後文分析可知,狗應當是小心地移動,故選A。

 

49.B【解析】本題考查的是詞語辨析,A選項“驚喜”;B選項“歡樂”;C選項“猶豫”;D選項“焦慮”,根據下文“狗開始舔埃萊爾的臉”可推出“快樂替代了不安和害怕”,其它選項均不符合題意,故選B。

 

50.B【解析】本題考查的是詞語辨析,A選項“預測”;B選項“登廣告”;C選項“認爲”;D選項“記錄”,根據句意可知狗應當是走丟後被登了廣告在當地報紙上,故選B。

 

51.B【解析】根據上下文內容可知,此處號碼應當指“電話號碼”,故選B。

 

52.A【解析】根據上下文內容可知,埃萊爾給傑夫和麗莎打電話,故選A。

 

53.C【解析】根據上下文內容可知,埃萊爾給傑夫和麗莎打電話告知他們,他找到了他們的狗,僅選項C符合題意,故選C。

 

54.A【解析】根據空白處後半句句意“但槍聲把狗給嚇跑了”可知傑夫帶著狗去打獵了,根據各選項含義分析,僅A符合題意,故選A。

 

55.D【解析】本題中選項A意爲“故意地”;B“按時,准時”;C“反過來”;D“徒然,徒勞”,空白處句意應爲“傑夫接下來的四天都沒能找到羅西”,僅選項D符合題意,故選D。

 

56.A【解析】根据句意及选项分析可知,A“关心”;B“看”;C“遭受”;D“學習”,仅A选项符合题意且使文章连贯,故选A。

 

57.B【解析】根據句意及選項分析,A“地方”;B“麻煩”;C“浪費”;D“極端”,“很開心了解到有人會有足夠的耐心去關心那種麻煩的事情”可知B選項符合句意,故選B。

 

58.C【解析】根据句意以及选项含义分析可知,C选项“rescue effort”为“救援行动”的含义,故选C。

 

59.D【解析】根據句意及選項分析可知,A“平等的”;B“對……極討厭的”;C“感謝的”;D“親密的”,其中D選項符合題意,故選D。

 

60.D【解析】“be willing to”为固定搭配,表示“乐意做某事”,且该句式符合题意,故选D。

 

第二節

【文章大意】本文主要講述一位老婦人被“年度女性”提名並頒發獎項

61.being【解析】根據空格前介詞for可知,後面接的動詞須以動名詞形式出現,故填being。

 

62.which【解析】此句为非限定性定语从句,用which来引导,指代“pet shop”,故填which。

 

63.finally【解析】空格處應爲副詞詞性,修飾動詞,故填finally。

 

64.declared【解析】因事情發生在過去,且後半句動詞用“had”,可知該句時態爲一般過去時,故填declared。

 

65.to retire【解析】该句用不定式做状语表目的,“have no plans to do sth”表示没有做某事的计划,故填to retire。

 

66.have made【解析】根据时间状语“over the years,多年以来”,推出该句应用现在完成时态,故填have made。

 

67.but【解析】此處句意爲“我工作不是因爲我必須做,而是因爲我想做”,此處應爲轉折,故填but。

 

68.saying【解析】ing形式與主句主語構成主動狀態,故填saying。

 

69.a【解析】joke是可数名词,前面需要填不定冠词a或an,joke 不是以元音音素开头,故填a。

 

70.wonderful【解析】此處應爲形容詞作表語,表示“極好的,精彩的”,故填wonderful。

 

第四部分 写作

第一節 短文改错

job改爲jobs【解析】job是可數名詞,與different連用,需加複數。

coolly改爲cool【解析】此句中look爲系動詞詞性,後接表語應爲形容詞,coolly是副詞,????????????

????????????????????? 故错。

five改爲fifth【解析】表示年級時,數詞在grade前要用序數詞。

too改成very/so【解析】too much只能修饰不可数名词,不能修饰动词。

chemistry後加in/at【解析】在高中,要用介詞in或at。

or改成and【解析】此句reconsidered和decided應爲並列關系,所以應該用and。

They改成There【解析】there be 句型的考查,表示“有……”。

amazing改成amazed【解析】人做主語表示驚訝的,要用amazed,物做主語用amazing。

more去掉【解析】better已經是比較級,much修飾better,more多余且錯誤。

is改成was【解析】文章前後時態均爲一般過去式,is表示一般現在時,與文章時態不符。

 

第二節 书面表达

注意事項:注意邮件写作的格式,以及题目要求的内容,切勿漏下,要达到词数要求,注意尽量避免语法错误。

 

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