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2019浙江高考英语試題及答案解析【word精校版】

2019-06-09 16:11:45文/劉美娟

浙江卷

閱讀理解

A

【文章大意】本文講述了Zac歸還紫心勳章的故事。

  1. A【解析:由第二段中“Zac knows the meaning of a Purple Heart-he earned one himself in a war as a soldier”可知,Zac 的紫心勋章是他自己得到的。而被他母亲在古董店意外得到的是Adeline保存着的勋章。】
  2. B【解析:mean business意为“认真的;严肃的”。由Zac的话“To drive eight hours to come to see me”也可猜测到Zac能理解Adeline对于勋章的重视程度。】
  3. D【解析:倒數第二段中Adeline的話說明Adeline一開始並不明白爲何她的父母十分看重家裏的紫心勳章,直到她長大了,開始懷念兄長時才明白這枚勳章承載的意義。所以是對兄長的懷念使Adeline珍藏著勳章。】

B

【文章大意】本文通過一個街頭活動呼籲人們要保有善心、樂善好施。

  1. C【解析:no strings attached指“无附加条件;不求回报”;without conditions意为“无条件”,故选C。由后文“Give What You Can”和“many others pinned their own cash to the board”也可体现。】
  2. B【解析:前文说“People of all ages, races, and socio-economic(社会经济的)backgrounds”可知有很多人都参与到了这个项目中。因此后文新娘的事情是就此进行进一步的说明。】
  3. D【解析:由文章最后Bridges的话“Some days you need a helping hand and some days you can be the one giving the helping hand.”可知这个项目的主要目的是鼓励人们心存善意、伸出援手。】

C

【文章大意】本文分析了加利福尼亞高大喬木數量減少的原因。

  1. A【解析:由第二段首句可以看出高大樹木的數量銳減,且沒有地區能夠幸免于難,整體形勢十分嚴峻,故選A。】
  2. D【解析:第三段包含了四个选项的内容,“Aggressive wildfire control”尽管控制野火但是导致小树和高大的树木争抢生长资源。】
  3. C【解析:倒数第一对缺水原因进行分析。由“...have been rising temperatures, which cause trees to lose more water to the air, and earlier snowmelt, which reduces the water supply...”可知选C。】
  4. A【解析:本文主要擺出了加利福尼亞州高大樹木數量減少的現狀並且分析了原因,故A項最貼合文意。】

 

七選五

【文章大意】本文简单介绍了对rock music影响深远的乐队——the Beatles。

  1. C【解析:由下一句中“At that time”可知此处应该谈及时间段。】
  2. B【解析:前文提到了“extremely popular in England”,此处应该承接这个话题将他们是有多受欢迎,故选B。】
  3. A【解析:下一句提到了“the Americans”所以此处选提及了去美国的A项。】
  4. G【解析:空后句主语为“The concert”,故该空应当也是concert相关,故选G。】
  5. E【解析:空前一句是感谢the Beatles为rock and roll做出的卓越贡献,故表现the Beatles对其他乐队影响的E项更符合文章思路。】

 

完型

【文章大意】本文記敘了Dubanchet的歐洲騎行,其目的是爲了引起公衆對于廚余垃圾的關注。

  1. C【解析:由第二段“surviving...on discarded(丢弃)food”可知需要“奇怪的”主意来提高关注度。】
  2. A【解析:由“discarded(丟棄)food”可知此處選A。】
  3. C【解析:由後文可知,Dubanchet整個旅程都是依靠飯店丟棄的食物爲生,故選C。】
  4. B【解析:“raising awareness of food waste...the world”是Dubanchet旅行的目的,故选B。the way of...做……的方式】
  5. B【解析:固定搭配as you can imagine意为“如你所想”。】
  6. D【解析:本文讲的是有关食物浪费的话题,故此处应选D。throw away意为“扔掉;浪费”。】
  7. A【解析:locked意爲“鎖上了的”;damaged意爲“被損壞的”;connected意为“连接的”;abandoned意为“被遗弃的”。由后文“health regulations”和“business policies”可知,此處也指出于對環境衛生的考慮而“鎖上”的垃圾箱。】

43.B【解析:由後半句可知,只有十分之一的地方給Dubanchet提供食物,因此選擇B,意爲“提供”;buy“買”;order“命令”;sell“賣”】

44.A【解析:由前文business polices和后半句policy可知,有相关法律政策。因此选A,意为“出于法律原因。”right“权利”;fee“费用”;aid“帮助”。 】

45.B【解析:由全文可知,本文讨论餐厅遗弃的食物,因此是相关政策,选B项,beg for“乞讨”;hide“隐藏; 躲避”;cause“成为…的原因; 导致”。】

46.D【解析:由後文Dubanchet所說句子even可知,一些人冒著丟掉工作的風險給他食物,只有D選項符合句意,意爲“冒…的危險”。】

47.C【解析:后半句引出下文对D的不同态度,只有选项C,particularly符合句意,意为“特别; 尤其”;hardly“几乎不; 简直不”;usually“通常,经常”;merely“仅仅,只不过;”】

48.A【解析:根据后半句most difficult可知前文是相反意思的最高级,即easiest,故选A。】

49.C.【解析:前文可知在最難得到食物的Czech,他在找食物之前必須先咨詢店家。只有選項C符合語境。】

50. D【解析:由前后语境可知这是一次挑战,故选D,意为“挑战”。】

51.C【解析:由后半句可知他还要从法国骑行回波兰,故C选项符合句意,意为“费力的,吃力的”;adequate“足够的; 适当的”;rewarding“值得的; 有报酬的”suitable“合适的,适当的”。】

52. D.【解析:后半句可知,当他骑行后需要快速补充能量。故选D,意为“迅速地”】

53.B【解析:後半句可知,需要能量,故選項B符合句意。spirit“精神,心靈”;time“時間”;effort“努力”。】

54.A【解析:根據後文可知,此空側重于強調,胃是滿的還是空的,故選A】

55.D【解析:根据全文语境可知,Dubanchet将会在六月中结束自己的旅程,因此选D,意为“结束”。arrange“; 整理; 改编”;restart“重新开始”;report“报道; 公布”】

 

語法填空

  1. has/will have【解析:nobody为不定代词,作主语时谓语动词用单三形式。同时此句可也以当做when引导的时间状语从句描述将来的事情,故主句也可用将来时。】
  2. the【解析:此處表示風格完全一樣的服飾,same前要加定冠詞。】
  3. that/which【解析:此處爲定語從句,從句缺少主語且先行詞後沒有逗號,故that和which均可。】
  4. cycling【解析:or前为“are walking”,此处动作应与其对应,故也用现在分词形式。】
  5. easily【解析:空處內容應該修飾空後的see,故用easy的副詞形式。】
  6. to【解析:the answer to爲固定搭配。】
  7. improved【解析:由此句及後文時態可知,這項研究是過去發生的事情,此空處也要用過去時態。】
  8. to wear【解析:表示“想要做某事”应在want后加to do不定式。】
  9. connection/connections【解析:no後加單數名詞和複數名詞均可,且connection可以做不可數名詞也可以做可數名詞。】
  10. traditional【解析:前方are提示此處用法爲形容詞作表語,故用tradition的形容詞詞性。】

 

寫作

本次寫作任务考察文体为邮件(书信),所给内容缺一不可。本题并未给出开头寒暄和结尾的祝福,需要考生自行设计。在寫作中要注意多种句型的综合使用,比如利用非谓语动词来尽量避免多个句子采用相同主语的情况。在段首、文首等关键位置要尽可能用高级词汇和句型,但同时要规避无法确定正误的搭配,尽量保证文段语法和拼写方面的准确性。

 

 

絕密★啓用前

  2019年6月普通高等學校招生全國統一考試(浙江卷)

  英 语

  選擇題部分

  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

  做題時,先將答案標在試卷上。錄音內容結束後,你將有兩分鍾的時間將試卷上的答案轉塗到答題紙上。

  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

  做題時,先將答案標在試卷上。錄音內容結束後,你將有兩分鍾的時間將試卷上的答案轉塗到答題卡上。

  第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  聽下面5段對話。每段對話後有一個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽完每段對話後,你都有10秒鍾的時間來回答有關小題和閱讀下一小題。每段對話僅讀一遍。

  例:How much is the shirt?

  A. ?19.15. B. ?9.18. C. ?9.15.

  答案是C。

  1.Where does this conversation take place?

  A. In a classroom. B. In a hospital. C.In a museum.

  2.What does Jack want to do?

  A. Take fitness classes.

  B. Buy a pair of gym shoes.

  C. Change his work schedule.

  3.What are the speakers talking about?

  A. What to drink. B. Where to meet. C. When to leave.

  4.What is the relationship between the speakers?

  A. Colleges. B. Classmates. C. Strangers.

  5.Why is Emily mentioned in the conversation?

  A. She might want a ticket.

  B. She is looking for the man.

  C. She has an extra ticket.

  第二節(共15小題,每小題1.5分,滿分22.5分)

  聽下面5段對話或獨白。每段對話或獨白後有幾個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽每段對話或獨白前,你將有時間閱讀各個小題,每小題5秒鍾;聽完後,各小題將給出5秒鍾的作答時間。每段對話或獨白讀兩遍。

  聽第6段材料,回答第6、7題。

  6.How long did James run his business?

  A.10 years. B.13years. C.15 years.

  7.How does the woman feel about James' situation?

  A. Embarrassed. B. Concerned. C. Disappointed.

  聽第7段材料,回答第8至10題。

  8.What has Kate's mother decided to do?

  A. Return to school. B. Change her job. C. Retire from work.

  9.What did Kate's mother study at college?

  A. Oil painting. B. Art history. C. Business administration.

  10.What is Kate's attitude toward her mother's decision?

  A. Disapproving. B. Ambiguous. C. Understanding.

  聽第8段材料,回答第11至13題。

  11.What is the man doing?

  A. Chairing a meeting.

  B. Hosting a radio program.

  C. Conducting a job interview.

  12.What benefits Mary most in her job?

  A. Her wide reading. B. Her leaders' guidance. C. Her friends' help

  13.Who will Mary talk about next?

  A. Her teacher. B. Her father C. Her mother.

  聽第9段材料,回答第14至17題。

  14.Why does the man seldom do exercise?

  A. He lacks motivation.

  B. He has a heart problem.

  C. He works all the time.

  15.What does Jacob Sattelmair probably do?

  A. He's an athlete. B. He's a researcher. C. He's a journalist.

  16.Why does the woman speak of a study?

  A. To encourage the man.

  B. To recommend an exercise.

  C. To support her findings.

  17.How much time will the man probably spend exercising weekly?

  A.300 minutes. B.150 minute. C.75 minutes.

  聽第10段材料,回答第18至20題。

  18.What did the scientists do to the road?

  A. They repaired it. B. They painted it. C. They blocked it

  19.Why are young birds drawn to the road surface?

  A. It's warm. B. It's brown. C. It's smooth.

  20.What is the purpose of the scientists' experiment?

  A. To keep the birds there for a whole year.

  B. To help students study the birds well.

  C. To prevent the birds from being killed.

  第二部分 閱讀理解(共两节,满分35分)

  第一節(共10小題;每小題2.5分,滿分25分)

  閱讀下列短文,從每題所給的A、B、C和D四個選項中,選出最佳選項,並在答題紙上將該項塗黑。

  A

  Zachariah Fike has an unusual hobby. He finds old military(军队的)medals for sale in antique stores and on the Internet.But unlike most collectors, Zac tracks down the medals’ rightful owners, and returns them.

  His effort to reunite families with lost medals began with a Christmas gift from his mother, a Purple Heart with the name Corrado A. G. Piccoli, found in an antique shop. Zac knows the meaning of a Purple Heart-he earned one himself in a war as a soldier. So when his mother gave him the medal, he knew right away what he had to do.

  Through the Internet, Zac tracked down Corrado’s sister Adeline Rockko. But when he finally reached her, the woman flooded him with questions: "Who are you?What antique shop?" However, when she hung up, she regretted the way she had handled the call. So she called Zac back and apologized. Soon she drove to meet Zac in Watertown, N.Y. "At that point, I knew she meant business, " Zac says. "To drive eight hours to come to see me."

  The Piccolis grew up the children of Italian immigrants in Watertown. Corrado, a translator for the Army during WWII, was killed in action in Europe.

  Before hearing from Zac, Adeline hadn’t realized the medal was missing. Like many military medals, the one Zac’s mother had found was a family treasure." This medal was very precious to my parents. Only on special occasions(场合)would they take it out and let us hold it in our hands," Adeline says.

  As a child, Adeline couldn't understand why the medal was so significant. “But as I grew older,” Adeline says, "and missed my brother more and more, I realized that was the only thing we had left." Corrado Piccoli’s Purple Heart medal now hangs at the Italian American Civic Association in Watertown.

  Zac recently returned another lost medal to a family in Alabama. Since he first reunited Corrado’s medal, Zac says his record is now 5 for 5.

  21.Where did Zac get a Purple Heart medal for himself?

  A. In the army.

  B. In an antique shop.

  C. From his mother.

  D. From Adeline Rockko.

  22.What did Zac realize when Adeline drove to meet him?

  A. She was very impolite.

  B. She was serious about the medal.

  C. She suspected his honesty.

  D. She came from a wealthy family.

  23. What made Adeline treasure the Purple Heart?

  A. Her parents’ advice.

  B. Her knowledge of antiques.

  C. Her childhood dream.

  D. Her memory of her brother.

  B

  Money with no strings attached. It’s not something you see every day. But at Union Station in Los Angeles last month, a board went up with dollar bills attached to it with pins and a sign that read, "Give What You Can, Take What You Need."

  People quickly caught on. And while many took dollars, many others pinned their own cash to the board. “People of all ages, races, and socio-economic(社会经济的)backgrounds gave and took, ”said Tyler Bridges of The Toolbox, which created the project. "We even had a bride in her wedding dress come up to the board and take a few dollars." Most of the bills on the board were singles, but a few people left fives, tens and even twenties. The video clip(片段)shows one man who had found a $ 20 bill pinning it to the board.

  “What I can say for the folks that gave the most, is that they were full of smiles,” Bridges said. “There’s a certain feeling that giving can do for you and that was apparent in those that gave the most." Most people who took dollars took only a few, but Bridges said a very small number took as much as they could.

  While the clip might look like part of a new ad campaign, Bridges said the only goal was to show generosity and sympathy. He added that he hopes people in other cities might try similar projects and post their own videos on the Internet.

  “After all, everyone has bad days and good days," he said. “Some days you need a helping hand and some days you can be the one giving the helping hand.”

  24. What does the expression "money with no strings attached" in paragraph 1 mean?

  A. Money spent without hesitation.

  B. Money not legally made.

  C. Money offered without conditions.

  D. Money not tied together.

  25. What did Bridges want to show by mentioning the bride? A. Women tended to be more sociable.

  B. The activity attracted various people.

  C. Economic problems were getting worse. D. Young couples needed financial assistance.

  26. Why did Bridges carry out the project?

  A. To do a test on people’s morals.

  B. To raise money for his company.

  C. To earn himself a good reputation.

  D. To promote kindness and sympathy.

  C

  California has lost half its big trees since the 1930s, according to a study to be published Tuesday and climate change seems to be a major factor(因素).

  The number of trees larger than two feet across has declined by 50 percent on more than 46, 000 square miles of California forests, the new study finds. No area was spared or unaffected, from the foggy northern coast to the Sierra Nevada Mountains to the San Gabriels above Los Angeles. In the Sierra high country, the number of big trees has fallen by more than 55 percent; in parts of southern California the decline was nearly 75 percent.

  Many factors contributed to the decline, said Patrick Mclntyre, an ecologist who was the lead author of the study. Woodcutters targeted big trees. Housing development pushed into the woods. Aggressive wildfire control has left California forests crowded with small trees that compete with big trees for resources(资源).

  But in comparing a study of California forests done in the 1920s and 1930s with another one between 2001 and 2010, Mclntyre and his colleagues documented a widespread death of big trees that was evident even in wildlands protected from woodcutting or development.

  The loss of big trees was greatest in areas where trees had suffered the greatest water shortage. The researchers figured out water stress with a computer model that calculated how much water trees were getting in comparison with how much they needed, taking into account such things as rainfall, air temperature, dampness of soil, and the timing of snowmelt(融雪).

  Since the 1930s, Mclntyre said, the biggest factors driving up water stress in the state have been rising temperatures, which cause trees to lose more water to the air, and earlier snowmelt, which reduces the water supply available to trees during the dry season.

  27. What is the second paragraph mainly about?

  A. The seriousness of big-tree loss in California.

  B. The increasing variety of California big trees.

  C. The distribution of big trees in California forests.

  D. The influence of farming on big trees in California.

  28. Which of the following is well-intentioned but may be bad for big trees?

  A. Ecological studies of forests.

  B. Banning woodcutting.

  C. Limiting housing development.

  D. Fire control measures.

  29. What is a major cause of the water shortage according to Mclntyre?

  A. Inadequate snowmelt. B. A longer dry season.

  C. A warmer climate. D. Dampness of the air.

  30. What can be a suitable title for the text?

  A. California's Forests: Where Have All the Big Trees Gone?

  B. Cutting of Big Trees to Be Prohibited in California Soon

  C. Why Are the Big Trees Important to California Forests?

  D. Patrick Mclntyre: Grow More Big Trees in California

  第二節(共5小題;每小題2分,滿分10分)

  根據短文內容,從短文後的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。選項中有兩項爲多余選項。

  Rock music consists of many different styles. Even though there is a common spirit among all music groups, they make very different music. 31 At that time the Beatles entered the world of music from Liverpool.

  After they were given an invitation to appear live on BBC, the Beatles quickly became famous in Britain with nationwide tours. By mid-1963, the Beatles had been extremely popular in England. 32 They held large concerts and performed at clubs. They became the hottest thing on the pop music scene in England. They began as a modestly successful musician group and ended the year as show business legends(传说). John Lennon and Paul McCartney were named composers of the year.

  33 They were not sure how the Americans would react to the new type of music. Beatlemania hit New York on February 7, 1964. Hundreds of fans jammed the airport to greet them. 34 The concert was broadcast live and attracted the largest one night audience in the history of television up to that time. The Beatles were described as a British invasion(入侵)by local and nationwide newspapers at that time. Their victory in America was still remembered as a major turning point in the history of rock and roll. Thanks to the Beatles, a lot of opportunities were opened up to new faces on the market. 35

  A. They decided on a tour to the United States in 1964.

  B. Even their hairstyles became major trends at that time.

  C. Rock music developed in the 1950s and the early 1960s.

  D. However, their songs changed the lives of generations to come.

  E. Many rock bands were able to follow in the footsteps of the Beatles.

  F. They appeared in the films A Hard Day's Night(1964)and Help!(1965).

  G. They performed their first concert in America at CBS television's 53rd street studio.

  第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  閱讀下面短文,從短文後各題所給的A、B、C和D四個選項中,選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項,並在答題紙上將該項塗黑。

  There are lots of ways to raise awareness for a cause. Usually, the 36 the idea is, the more it gets noticed. And that’s precisely why one 37 Frenchman has caught our attention.

  Baptiste Dubanchet is biking across Europe,surviving 38 on discarded(丢弃)food. The three-month, 1 900-mile journey from Paris to Warsaw is Dubanchet’s 39 of raising awareness of food waste in Europe and throughout the world.

  As you can 40 , the trip is no piece of cake. While restaurants 41 tons of food each year, much of it remains inaccessible because of 42 garbage containers, health regulations, or business policies. Only about one in ten places 43 him food that would otherwise be discarded.

  For legal 44 , most restaurants have a policy against 45 food waste. "Some people have even 46 their jobs by giving me food," Dubanchet said.

  What's 47 interesting is the attitude various cities have toward Dubanchet’s cause. Berlin has been the 48 while the most difficult was the Czech town of Pilsen. There, he had to 49 at some 50 different stores or restaurants before finding food. The 50 is all the more serious when you consider the 51 exercise required to bike from France to Poland.

  "I have to get food 52 because after all the biking I am tired and I need the 53 ,"

  Dubanchet explained. "Is my 54 full or empty? That is the most important thing, not what I am eating."

  He aims to 55 his journey by mid-July. With any luck, he’ll turn a few more heads in the process.

  36. A. cleverer B. older C. stranger D. simpler

  37.A. garbage-eating B. sports-loving C. food-wasting D. law-breaking

  38. A. secretly B. finally C. entirely D. probably

  39. A. purpose B. way C. opinion D. dream

  40. A. observe B. imagine C. suggest D. remember

  41. A. store B. cook C. shop for D. throw away

  42. A. locked B. damaged C. connected D. abandoned

  43. A. bought B. offered C. ordered D. sold

  44. A. reasons B. rights C. fees D. aids

  45. A. begging for B. giving away C. hiding D. causing

  46. A. did B. kept C. accepted D. risked

  47. A. hardly B. usually C. particularly D. merely

  48. A. easiest B. nearest C. biggest D. richest

  49. A. work B. shout C. ask D. jump

  50. A. competition B. conversation C. conflict D. challenge

  51. A. adequate B. rewarding C. demanding D. suitable

  52. A. again B. alone C. later D. fast

  53. A. spirit B. energy C. time D. effort

  54. A. stomach B. hand C. pocket D. basket

  55. A. arrange B. restart C. report D. finish

  非選擇題部分

  第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第二節(共10小題:每小題1.5分,滿分15分)

  閱讀下面材料,在空白處填入適當的內容(1個單詞)或括號內單詞的正確形式。

  There are several reasons why school uniforms are good idea. First of all, uniforms help the school look smart. The students feel that they belong to a particular group. When every pupil in the school wears the uniform, nobody ____56_____ (have) to worry about fashion(时尚). Everybody wears_____57____ same style of clothes. Uniforms can be useful in unexpected ways, A school in Ireland has introduced an interesting new uniform. On the edge of the jacket, there is a piece of cloth ____58_____gives off light in the dark. When the children are walking or _____59____ (cycle) to school on dark mornings, car drivers can _____60____ (easy) see them.

  But can uniforms help improve school standards? The answer _____61____ this question is not clear. One study in America found that students' grades _____62 ____ (improve) a little after the school introduced uniforms. But some students didn't want ____63_____ (wear) the uniform. Other American studies showed no _____64____(connect) between uniforms and school performance.

  School uniforms are _____65 ____ (tradition) in Britain, but some schools are starting to get rid of them. Some very good schools don't have a uniform policy. However, uniforms are still popular. Pupils at about 90 percent of British secondary schools wear uniforms.

  第四部分 寫作(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节 应用文寫作(满分15分)

  假定你是李华,经常帮助你學習英语的朋友Alex即将返回自己的国家。请给他写一封邮件,内容包括:

  1.表示感謝;

  2.回顧Alex對你的幫助;

  3.臨別祝願。

  注意:

  1.詞數80左右;

  2可適當增加細節,以使行文連貫。

  第二节 读后续写(满分25分)

  閱讀下面短文,根據其內容寫一篇60詞左右的內容概要。

  Parents everywhere praise their kids. Jenn Berman, author of The A to Z Guide to Raising Happy and Confident Kids, says, "We've gone to the opposite extreme of a few decades ago when parents tended to be more strict." By giving kids a lot of praise, parents think they're building their children's confidence, when, in fact, it may be just the opposite. Too much praise can backfire and, when given in a way that's insincere, make kids afraid to try new things or take a risk for fear of not being able to stay on top where their parents' praise has put them.

  Still, don't go too far in the other direction. Not giving enough praise can be just as damaging gas giving too much. Kids will feel like they're not good enough or that you don't care and, as a result, may see no point in trying hard for their accomplishments.

  So what is the right amount of praise? Experts say that the quality of praise is more important than the quantity. If praise is sincere and focused on the effort not the outcome, you can give it as often as your child does something that deserves a verbal reward." We should especially recognize our children's efforts to push themselves and work hard to achieve a goal, "says Donahue, author of Parenting Without Fear: Letting Go of Worry and Focusing on What Really Matters. "One thing to remember is that it's the process not the end product that matters."

  Your son may not be the best basketball player on his team. But if he's out there every day and playing hard, you should praise his effort regardless of whether his team wins or loses. Praising the effort and not the outcome can also mean recognizing your child when she has worked hard to clean the yard, cook dinner, or finish a book report. But whatever it is, praise should be given on a case-

  by-case basis and be proportionate(相称的)to the amount of effort your child has put into it.

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